Kigali is the capital city of Rwanda, roughly in the center of the country. It sprawls across numerous hills, ridges and valleys, and has a vibrant restaurant and nightlife scene. The Kigali Genocide Memorial documents the 1994 mass killings in Rwanda, associated with the country’s civil war. The city’s Caplaki Crafts Village has stalls selling traditional handicrafts, including woodcarvings and woven baskets.

On the city’s fringes, the Presidential Palace Museum is set in the former home of President Juvenal Habyarimana, whose plane was shot down in 1994. The museum, with its many rooms and secret passages, gives insight into the president’s life. There are also parts of the ill-fated jet. In the former residence of German pioneer Dr. Richard Kandt, the Natural History Museum is dedicated to native plants and animals. Contemporary African sculptures, paintings and installations are showcased at the Inema Arts Center. The city is a jumping-off point for trips to Volcanoes National Park, known for its resident mountain gorillas.